⚡ Basic Meaning of Print Name Card in China

Basic Meaning of Print Name Card in China

The social economy is still underdeveloped, most people are fixed on the land, and the slaves have no right to education; a small number of hereditary slave owners form a small ruling group. Because the ruling circle has not changed for a long time, coupled with literacy is not common , There is no condition for the formation of business cards. 

Print Name Card first appeared in feudal society. During the Warring States period, China began to form a centralized state. With the use of advanced production tools such as ironware, the economy has also developed, which has led to cultural development. Confucianism represented by Confucius and other schools have formed a scene of contention between hundreds of schools. All countries are committed to expanding territory, supporting and spreading the country's culture, and a large number of new nobles have emerged in the war. Especially after the reunification of Qin Shihuang, China began a great reform: unifying the national script. 

The Print Name Card is called "Ye" when it is seen in the historical books of the Western Han Dynasty. "Shi Ming · Shi Shu Qi" contains: "Ye, Yeyao. The name of the book is from the office to the Yizhe." In the Eastern Han Dynasty, Ye was also called the thorn. The famous assassination begs to see people. Found in the excavated Han tomb, this Ye or the famous thorn, tied to the wood, is 22.5 cm long and 7 cm wide. There is the name of the famous assassin, and the place of birth, which is similar to today's Print Name Card. 

In the Tang Dynasty, the name of Mu Jian was changed to famous paper. In the Tang Dynasty, Changan Xinke Jinshi exchanged paper with red paper for exchange. In the late Tang Dynasty, it was called a door and a door, which were all a way of contacting the self-reported door. The famous paper in the Song Dynasty still has the master's handwriting. According to the Southern Song Zhang Shinan in the "Younan Jiwen", he has hidden the famous paper written by Huang Tingjian, and Qin Guan sent him the famous paper, similar to today's New Year's card. The Palace Museum in Beijing also houses the "Calligraphy Post" by the calligrapher Cai Xiang of the Northern Song Dynasty. According to Lu You's research in the "Notes of Lao Xue An", it is similar to "Name Thorn". 

The name change stabbing in the Yuan Dynasty was called "Bai Tie", and was also called "Famous Tie" and "Film" in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The content has also been improved, 

In addition to self-reported name and place of origin, he also wrote official positions. In the Qing Dynasty, "Bamboo Words" has poems as evidence: "It is a new worship post that is small, three inches long and two inches wide", "red note two inches book name and surname, Zeng Xuhuai half thorny." As we know from the poem, the Qing Dynasty's famous post is very small, and it is still Meihong paper. After textual research, the Qing Dynasty's famous post has been written differently from the Tang Dynasty. Instead, it is written in regular script, engraved with wooden stamps, and printed on Meihong paper. Later, there was a white paper name post (for details, see Xu Ke's "Clean Barnyard Banknotes and Customs"). 

The format of the "name post" is almost the same as that of today's Print Name Card, and the married woman's Print Name Card also adds the husband's family name. Its size and size also have routines: two inches wide and three inches long. For literati exchanges and visits, usually the master visits a friend and asks the servant or book boy to submit the name post to the other party ’s lord, who then presents it to the owner. There is a paragraph in Suzhou's long story "Description of Golden Phoenix", which writes that Suzhou citizen Qian Zhijie went to Beijing to visit the prime minister due to rain, and the prince asked him to pay 500 two silvers to be notified. According to Wang Dingbao's "Tang Yiyan", this is in Tang The dynasty had become a habit, and Liu Lufeng of the Tang Dynasty handed him a famous thorn, which was also blocked by Dian Ye. In the book "The Wizard of Oz", some candidates put up posts to ask for advice, but the host Yu Bing did not want to see them, so he asked his father to say he was not at home, which shows that famous posts were very popular at the time. 

The Tang and Song literati went out to worship, and also like to bring a worship box, which contains pen and ink, but can be handwritten on the spot. In the Qing dynasty, famous name cards were printed, and there were fewer handwritten name notes, unless the owner was a great calligrapher and intended to reveal one hand. Baijia is also a cultural relic. The Baijia in the late Qing and early Republics were very delicately made. The boxes were made of wood or lacquer ware, and the figures of landscapes were painted on them. The Baijia collected in the Palace Museum today is elegant and exquisite, and the appreciation value is quite high. 

In the Ming Dynasty, the rulers followed the Tang and Song imperial examination systems and made them civilians. Reading became the only way for ordinary people to improve their lives, and the number of literate people increased accordingly. The chances of people's interaction have increased. When students see teachers, they must first submit their "name posts", that is, the "gate like" during the Tang and Song Dynasties. It was only at this time that the "name post" became entangled with the word "name". The "name post" in the Ming Dynasty was rectangular, generally seven inches long and three inches wide. If you submit a post to an elder or supervisor, the name on the "name post" should be larger, the name on the "name post" should be more courteous, and the name on the "name post" will be considered arrogant. 

The Qing Dynasty was officially called "Print Name Card". The Qing Dynasty was the end of China's feudal society. Due to the continuous invasion of the West, exchanges with the outside world increased, and business with foreign countries also accelerated the popularity of Print Name Card. The Print Name Card of the Qing Dynasty began to develop toward miniaturization, especially in the officialdom. Officials used larger Print Name Card to show humility, and official universities used smaller Print Name Card to show status. 

Sometimes, Print Name Card of celebrities are used by others. During the Qing dynasty, Xu Shidong, a person from Yin County, Zhejiang Province, attended a banquet of local officials. He learned that someone had used his Print Name Card to go to the government office for personal favors, but was fortunately seen. The Print Name Card of other squires and celebrities are probably the same. The reason is that these people distribute Print Name Card everywhere during the New Year, because of the massive outflow of Print Name Card ("Yanyulou Notes · Volume 5"). Later, many celebrities marked the words "not for other purposes" on the back of their Print Name Card to avoid being used by cunning people.